What is a SWIFT code?
A SWIFT code - or SWIFT number is a standard format to uniquely identify banks, non-financial, and financial institutions across the world. The SWIFT code is a standard format for BIC - Business Identifier Codes.
If you transmit money across international lines you nearly always need to use a BIC code, as it’s the way banks, financial institutions and money transfer services figure out where the money needs to go. You can think of a SWIFT code a bit like an international postal code. A bank on one side of the world finds the right bank on the other side of the world. Similar to how sending a postcard to an incorrect ZIP/postal code means it could get lost, the same goes for your money and the wrong SWIFT code.
What does a SWIFT/BIC look like?
A BIC/SWIFT code can be either 8 or 11 characters long:
AAAA BB CC DDD
- AAAA: 4 character bank code. Only letters.
- BB: 2 character country code. ISO alpha-2 country code.
- CC: 2 character location code.
- DDD: 3 character branch code. Optional. Can include letters or digits. An XXX here would refer to the primary office.
More info about SWIFT/BIC codes
There are 2 types of SWIFT code: live and passive. Live codes are for banks who are actively connected to the SWIFT network while passive Codes are used for manual transactions. Passive SWIFT codes will have a 1 as the second digit of the 2 character location code.
SWIFT code registrations and management are the responsibility of "Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication" (“SWIFT”) which is located in La Hulpe, Belgium.
SWIFT is the registered trademark of S.W.I.F.T. SCRL with a registered address at Avenue Adèle 1, B-1310 La Hulpe, Belgium.