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A SWIFT code - sometimes called a SWIFT number is a standard format to uniquely identify banks and financial institutions globally. The SWIFT code is a standard format for Business Identifier Codes (BIC).
If you send money internationally you almost always need to use a SWIFT/BIC code, as it’s the way banks and money transfer services identify where to send money on a global scale. You can think of a SWIFT/BIC code a bit like a ZIP/postal code. Your bank uses the code to send the money to the right bank in another country. Like sending post to the wrong ZIP code means it could go missing, the same thing can apply for your money and an incorrect SWIFT code.
A BIC/SWIFT code can be either 8 or 11 characters long:
AAAA BB CC DDD
There are 2 types of SWIFT code: live and passive. Live codes are for institutions who are connected to the SWIFT network while passive Codes are used for manual transactions. Passive SWIFT codes will have a 1 as the second digit of the 2 character location code.
SWIFT code registrations and management are the responsibility of "Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication" (“SWIFT”) which is located in La Hulpe, Belgium.
SWIFT is the registered trademark of S.W.I.F.T. SCRL with a registered address at Avenue Adèle 1, B-1310 La Hulpe, Belgium.